This contribution aims to assess the logic behind social protection systems by focusing on digital platform work. It tests its scope, rationale and equality purposes. More specifically this study compares the answers brought by a Bismarckian and a Beveridgian social security model, i.e. France and the UK, to platform workers’ issues in terms of access to social protection during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. This subject raises descriptive and prescriptive questions around universalism and the interaction between public authorities, platforms, trade unions and private insurers.